The Indian state Jammu and Kashmir inhabits diverse and distinct culture. It encompasses various lifestyles and habits of the citizens that inhabit in regions of Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir. From the era of isolation, independence and solidarity, the citizens of Kashmir had created a distinctive tradition. The Kashmir valley which is bordered by snow dressed Himalayas is therefore considered as one of the stunning destinations in the world. Also Kashmir has vast spread of flat nation with wealthy alluvial loam, sparkling streams, haughty and hostile mountains, fast-moving water, snooty crags, dappled Chinar orchards, large lakes, and pine jungles.
Moreover Jammu and Kashmir is regarded as a dissolving vessel of diverse cultures. Citizens from dissimilar social practices and religious exist together quietly in this charming state. Since moment immemorial, diverse religions like Jainism, Islam and Hinduism have added extra worth to the enriching legacy of Jammu and Kashmir. Therefore diverse tribes follow dissimilar religions and live in concord. All these different types of religious sections have even contributed to the affluent edifying tradition of Jammu.
Roman Mysticism and Greek Romanticism also have an influence and it is obvious in Jammu because of the Persian existence. The rustic survival and vivacious hues of verve that are noticeable in Jammu and Kashmir, gives an obvious feeling of citizens and traditions of Kashmir and Jammu state. A variety of festivals and fairs have made the lives of men more enthusiastic. Starting from Id-ul-Zoha to Durga Puja the citizens of Jammu and Kashmir take pleasure in all the festivals and events with similar enthusiasm. These festivity instances converse much of the culture, people and lifestyle.
People of Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir citizens are more distinguished for their hospitality and warmth. They are easy, welcoming in nature. When anyone is invited in wedding of a village or at anyone’s home for a warm cup of tea it is not astonishing as people of Jammu and Kashmir are very friendly and pleasing in nature.
Jammu and Kashmir forms a major part of country and even the region of Ladakh is meagerly inhabited. Primarily Hindus are seen in Jammu and Kashmir along with a considerable number of Sikh and Muslim. The Kashmir Valley is mostly Muslim oriented therefore it inhabits small figure of Sikhs and Hindus.
At Ladakh region, the public of Leh are generally Buddhist whereas the citizens of Kargil are Shia Muslim. The northernmost boundaries of Islam are basically represented by Kashmir which is a state of India. The language that was originated from the Dardic branch is basically the Aryan languages.
The Residents of Jammu Kashmir
A diverse population such as of Kashmiri Muslims, Kashmiri Pundits, Rajasthani Rajputs and Gurjars can be seen widely in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. As there are diverse religions still the people live in a secure knit relations. They basically convey the note of calm to the rest of the country.
Attire of Women and Men
Jammu and Kashmir women typically decorate themselves with stuff like necklaces, bangles, earrings, colorful dresses and nose rings. The men wear extra comfortable clothes such shalwars, churidar pyjamas, gurgabi and skullcaps. The common dress for both women and men is Phiran. This Phiran has floral embroidery and motifs that adds a feel of stylishness to the attire.
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Costumes of Jammu and Kashmir
The costumes of Jammu and Kashmir basically include an extensive slack gown. This ankle falling gown can be buttoned at the neck. In winter season it is composed of wool whereas in month of summer, cotton is used. A very minute difference can be seen in the pheran that is worn by women and men. A loose type pyjama is normally worn beneath the pheran. The Muslin women when wearing pheran basically wear a skull cap which is surrounded by a red hue fillet and in the case of Pandit women a white cloth fillet is worn. A white chaddar or a shawl is thrown elegantly over the skull and shoulders in order to protect the wearer from sun and also to hide the features. Turbans are generally worn by men as a symbol of decency and wealth. In Jammu and Kashmir women are also seen wearing the elegant salwar and sari whereas trousers and coat are worn by men.
Cuisine of Jammu and Kashmir
Rice is considered as a staple food of Jammu and Kashmir. People take abundance of vegetables when dining but the preferred dish is the karam sag or hak. In many regions, mutton is largely consumed whereas in several towns it is still considered as a reserved treat for festive occasions. Although Kashmiris are the inhabitants of a chilly country therefore they make utilize of invigorating drinks. The green tea is a traditional drink and it is made with almond and spices known as Kawa. This tea is generally consumed during the winter’s months. Furthermore Kashmiri Pulao is a ordinary dish and its is eaten along with curd, spices and condiments.
Muslims refrain from curds and asafetida whereas Kashmiri Pandits desist from using garlic and onions in their meals. A sweet frailty that is Phirni is widely consumed by people of Jammu and Kashmir.
Music and Dance of Jammu and Kashmir
Sufiana Kalam is a kind of Music which is widely listens by people of Jammu and Kashmir. After the arrival of Islam, Iranian music has influenced a lot on Kashmir. Santoor is a musical instrument that is utilized in Kashmir. There are some other musical instruments used in Kashmir such as Dukra, Nagara and Sitar. Many Raagas of Kashmiri melodies are presented in form of Persian and they are such as Mukam/Nawa, Mukam Duga and Singha. A accepted folk music known as Rabab is also widely enjoyed in Kashmir. Jammu valley has a Dogra Pahari area and this region inhabits a well known artist known as Geetru. This artist basically performs at festival times like social festivals or rural weddings. A conventional dance known as Rouff is performed widely by the Kashmiri women. Additionaly Rouff is executed chiefly during Id and Ramzan.
Festivals of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir citizens are generally very doting for festivals celebrations. They constitute a noteworthy constituent of Jammu and Kashmir’s culture. Ladakh region celebrates a masked dance and this dance enthralls lot of tourists. In Jammu valley there is an area known as Uttar Behni and this area is well known for Chaitre Chaudash. A significant festival known as Bahu Mela is pragmatic at the temple of Kali. Jammu valley has a Purmandal city and this city celebrates a Purmandal Mela in month of February or March. This Mela signifies the juncture of goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva wedding. The people are dressed in colorful and vibrant attires. They visit the places like Peer cave Khoh temple, Panjbhaktar Temple and Ranbireshwar Temple. Apart from these events, Jammu and Kashmir culture integrates all the other significant occasions of India like Baisakhi and Lohri.
Literature of Jammu and Kashmir
Kashmir has delivered a precious donation to Indian literature. Bilhana and Kalhana are well memorized for their chronological works. Rajatarangini is a former writer and as per his writings he throws light not only on the Kashmir’s past but also on Indian history. Vikramankadava Bilhana`s Charita is related with the record of South India. Koka and Charaka studied sex and medical respectively. Nammata, Vamana, Anandavardhana, Kuntala, Ruyaka and Abhinavagupta are renowned for mythical censure. In the same manner, Mankha, Matrigupta, Jhalhana and Somadeva were renowned Kashmiri writers.
Language of Jammu and Kashmir
The Kashmiri language can assert an exclusive place in Indo Aryan modern languages. This is because of its ancient times which go well back to the period of Vedic. According to a towering power, Kashmiri idiom is from Sinha or Dardic source. These both are Aryan languages. Kashmiri language has been prejudiced by Sanskrit and Persian language significantly.
Arts and Crafts of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir has very elegant and unique arts and crafts. Silk carpets, woven carpets, woolen shawls, rugs, kurtas and pottery are wonderfully embellished. Additionally in Jammu And Kashmir State the traditional and well designed boats can be seen and these are composed from wood. These boats are basically called as Shikaras. Thus, the tradition and culture of Jammu and Kashmir is a compound one. It inhabits a synthetic outline along with harmony in diversity.